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The Mighty Trojan Horses: Unraveling the Power of Platelets in Infective Conditions.

Welcome to a journey into the incredible world of platelets - the unsung heroes of our blood! One will be amazed by the extraordinary abilities of these tiny, re​markable cells![1,2,3] 

The First-line Defence: Platelets are the first responders to infections and injuries. They protect against excessive bleeding and trap bacteria and viruses to prevent their spread. 

Immune System Allies: These minuscule champions mediate between innate and adaptive immune responses. They release signalling molecules that alert other immune cells to join the battle against the invading pathogens. 

Inflammation Managers: Platelets help regulate inflammation in response to infections by releasing anti-inflammatory substances, antimicrobial peptides, reducing collateral damage to healthy tissues & strengthening our immune defence. 

Platelet "Swarm Intelligence": When faced with severe infections, platelets exhibit "swarm intelligence," forming intricate clusters that effectively trap and neutralize infectious agents, enhancing the immune system's ability to clear the infection. 

The platelet count (number of platelets circulating in the bloodstream) is usually about 140,000 to 440,000 platelets per microliter.

1. Thrombocytopenia: is when platelets decrease (<150,000), causing easy bruising and frequent bleeding. Causes include pregnancy, autoimmune diseases, viral infections like Dengue, Sepsis, Alcoholism, and purpura.

2. Thrombocytosis Condition with higher platelet count >450,000. It occurs in Blood loss, Cancer, Infections, and Iron deficiency cases & can cause blood clots that may lead to strokes or heart attacks.

Keeping platelets healthy[3,4]

1. To stay healthy, limit alcohol and avoid smoking and toxic chemicals. 

2. Eat folate-rich foods, vitamin B12 from eggs and fish.

3. Vitamin C from fruits and veggies, 

4. Vitamin D from fortified milk and oily fish, 

5. Vitamin K from leafy greens and soybeans.

Maintaining healthy platelet counts is crucial for a robust immune system that can effectively fight against infections. It is essential to prioritize our health and ensure that our platelet levels are optimal for healthy living! 

Fever is a common symptom of infections and illnesses & Platelets are crucial during fevers, aiding the body's defence system. Knowing about platelets and donation requirements is essential to manage fever-related complications.[5,6]​

Platelet's Role in Fever:[6,7,4]

1. Platelets are essential for clot formation, preventing excessive bleeding that may occur during fever-induced tissue damage.

2. They actively participate in the immune response by promoting inflammation and helping immune cells quickly reach the site of infection.

3. But Viruses can trigger a decrease in platelet production in various ways, and specific viral mechanisms destroy platelets also. Moreover, certain factors due to the viruses cause platelet activation and shorten platelet survival- resulting in a shortage of platelets (thrombocytopenia).​

Importance of Donated Platelets:[6,9]

1. Platelets support patients with severe fevers, especially those battling infectious diseases like dengue, malaria, or sepsis; & are extracted from donated blood.

2. Low platelet counts depict a hallmark of poor prognosis in many infectious infections. 

3. Platelet transfusions can prevent bleeding complications and improve patient outcomes during fever-related thrombocytopenia (low platelet count). 

Requirements for Platelet Donation:[6,8,9]

Platelets can be donated from a single or multiple donor, but they must meet health requirements.

Regular donations ensure a stable patient supply, as platelets have a short shelf life. Apheresis collects platelets from the donor's blood, allowing more frequent donations. 

Platelets are crucial for managing fever, preventing bleeding, and boosting immune response. Donating platelets can help fever patients and ensure a steady supply for those in need.

Let's make a difference in the lives of those facing fever-related challenges.

REFERENCE:

1. https://rb.gy/jb0ui

2. https://rb.gy/6ueek

3. https://rb.gy/nb00f

4. https://rb.gy/b0wj1

5. https://bit.ly/3DMCXls

6. https://rb.gy/fg8e3

7. https://rb.gy/r6pnc

8. https://rb.gy/5tu7n

9. https://rb.gy/r6pnc

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