With the onset of monsoon in the country, water-borne diseases become a common phenomenon in the following months. The improper drainage system, waterlogging, unsanitary drinking water, among many more become a source of these diseases by providing germs with a breeding ground. Anyone consuming the unsanitary water can fall ill in no time. While some of these diseases can be cured with medication at home, others might need hospitalization that will be covered under your health insurance policy. Nobody is safe from these diseases unless you take precautions and maintain hygiene in day-to-day life.
When it comes to keeping diseases at bay during monsoon, prevention is the key. We have some tips on how you can prevent water-borne diseases during this season and keep yourself healthy and fit.
Common Water-Borne Diseases in Monsoon
Stagnant water allows breeding of germs during monsoon. Drinking water, when exposed to feces or germs, becomes unhealthy for consumption and leads to diseases.
Some of the most common diseases reported during monsoon include:Bacteria-Caused: Cholera, typhoid, gastroenteritis, dysentery, shigellosis, diarrhea, dermatitis Virus-Caused: Polio, meningitis, adenovirus, rotavirus, hepatitis A and E (jaundice)Worm-Caused: Ascariasis, dracunculiasis, trichuriasis, amoebiasis, whipworm, threadwormProtozoa-Caused: Giardiasis
Prevention for Specific Diseases
Some of the diseases caused by consuming unhealthy water can be life-threatening and communicable. The onset of these diseases is easy to spot. Patients generally face abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, nausea. The disease can be diagnosed by a routine stool examination and blood tests. In case the patient is critically ill, hospitalization may be required. It is best to
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It is necessary to take preventive measures to ensure the safety of the patient. Here are some of the measures that should be practiced on encountering the following diseases:
Cholera: It generally rises as an epidemic in third-world countries where sanitation is given low priority. A subtropical third-world country with a huge population like India can worsen the scenario. It is necessary to get vaccinated for Cholera. People visiting India especially during monsoon should definitely get vaccination shots to prevent any risk.
Typhoid: This disease has claimed many lives in the past but can now be treated at home if the patient is not in a severe condition. Vaccination for typhoid is a must. Patients at high-risk should be kept isolated or hospitalized.
Polio: This disease can potentially cause paralysis, aseptic meningitis, or death. Polio vaccination camps across India have even been able to get to the rural areas, raising awareness about the disease, and making vaccination available to all. This vaccination is mandatory for every child in the country and can be taken multiple times for children under the age of 5.
General Prevention Measures
Wash your hand thoroughly before handling food or beveragesGet broken pipes mended to avoid contamination of household water with sewage waterAvoid eating outWash all raw ingredients thoroughly before consumingKeep your surroundings cleanStore drinking water in clean vessels
Water-borne diseases affect tens of thousands of people every year. Follow these ease preventive measures and stay safe during monsoon season!