Sign In

Tyre Tread Designs In Bikes

​Mankind has invented the wheels a long-time ago. One can go back in the time of early man and find traces of wheels. It is because of the tyre; a vehicle can move from one place to another. Tyres are a crucial part of the vehicle as it provides traction or grip to your vehicle. In 1888, there were solid rubber tyres, but because of the technology, today we see non-pneumatic airless tires in our vehicles. Tyre treads not only provide traction but also enhances the efficiency of your vehicle.

Today, you will learn about the different tyre tread designs and science behind it. You will also learn why two-wheeler insurance is important. Let's begin:

Science Behind Tyre Treads Designs


The treads these days are made of natural rubber or synthetic rubber, wire, and fabric along with carbon black and other chemical compounds. The grooves present in the rubber are designed in a way to expel water from between the road and tyre. The proportion of rubber to air space impacts the traction of the tyre. Deeper the pattern, the higher the traction, which in turn increases safety.

Tyre treads come in a variety of designs which are categorized based on geometrical shapes of the grooves. Other parts of the tread include voids and lugs. Lugs contact the road surface, whereas voids offer spaces between lugs so that they can flex. The valleys that cut across the tire, and are perpendicular to the grooves, are called sipes. Their main function is to allow the water from the grooves to escape to the sides.​

Types Of Tyre Tread Designs


There are three types of tyre tread designs:

Symmetrical Tyre Tread Design


These types of tyre tread designs are mainly used in cars and function irrespective of the rotational direction. Symmetrical tyres possess a continuous design throughout.

Asymmetrical Tyre Tread Design


Both sides of tyre tread are not similar in asymmetrical tyre tread design. This not only results in better traction on flat out roads but also gives a better grip while turning the vehicle. The inner area has a thinner design than the outer area.

Unidirectional Tyre Tread Design


If you own a high-speed vehicle, then unidirectional tyre tread design is efficient for your vehicles. This design consists of a V-shaped groove which not only helps the tyre to cut through the resistance easily but offers a better grip as well. This type of pattern of the tyre is fitted only in a specific direction.

The things mentioned above would have educated you about the different tyre tread designs in bikes. It is highly advisable to replace your tyres when the tread is less than 3mm as they are the first elements to wear off. If you will not the performance of your tyres will gradually decline, which will increase the chances of skids and accidents. Life is uncertain, even if you change your tyre when the tread is less than 3mm, accidents can happen. That's why it is advisable to buy bike insurance so that you have financial support in the time of the need.​