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Typhoid - Causes, Symptoms, Health Insurance Coverage

Benefits

​What Is Typhoid?

Typhoid is a bacterial infection that can lead to high fever, vomiting, and diarrhea. This disease is caused by the salmonella enterica serotype typhi bacteria.

The infection is mostly passed on through contaminated drinking water and food, and it is more widespread in places where hand-washing is less persistent. It can also be transferred by carriers who do not know they carry the bacteria.​

Symptoms

The incubation period is generally 1-2 weeks, and the duration of illness is around 3-4 weeks. Below-mentioned is some symptoms:

  • Headaches
  • Poor appetite
  • Generalized aches and pains
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever as high as 104 degrees Fahrenheit
  • Lethargy

  • Chest congestion spreads in many people, and discomfort and abdominal pain are common. The fever becomes persistent. Improvement appears in the third and fourth weeks in those without any complications. Around 10% of people have repeated symptoms after feeling better for one to two weeks. Relapses are very common in individuals treated with antibiotics.

    ​Diagnosis

    After the ingestion of contaminated water or food, the salmonella bacteria conquered the small intestine and enter the bloodstream temporarily. The bacteria are carried by white blood cells in the bone marrow, spleen, and liver, where they reenter and multiply the bloodstream. People show symptoms, including fever, at this time. Bacteria invade the biliary system, gallbladder, and the lymphatic tissue of the bowel. Here, these bacteria multiply in high numbers. The bacteria pass into the intestinal tract and can be determined in stool samples. If a test result is not clear, urine or blood samples will be taken to make a diagnosis.

    Treatment

    Typhoid fever is treated with antibiotics that kill bacteria named Salmonella. Prior to the usage of antibiotics, the fatality rate was 20%. The death occurred from pneumonia, infection, intestinal perforation, or intestinal bleeding. With supportive care and antibiotics, mortality has been reduced to 1%-2%. With effective antibiotic therapy, there is general improvement within 1-2 days and recovery within 7-10 days.

    Many antibiotics are very effective for the treatment of typhoid. Chloramphenicol was the original drug that people used to use for many years. Because of its serious side effects, chloramphenicol has been exchanged by other effective antibiotics. The selection of antibiotics is guided by determining the geographic region where the infection was decreased. If relapses occur, then patients are again treated with antibiotics.

    ​Health Insurance

    When you or any individual in your family faces health complication like jaundice, medical emergencies become really unpredictable which can lead to a big financial disruption. In such a situation, health insurance cover plays a vital role. Health insurance is a deal where an insurance company takes full responsibility to pay all your medical expenses in case the insured falls sick or meets an accident which leads to hospitalization. Reputed and trustworthy insurance company like Reliance General Insurance delivers cashless treatment from a network hospital. You can buy best health insurance online by Reliance without stepping out of your house in this pandemic and enjoy the perks of tax benefits under section 80D of the Income Tax Act.​