Your doctor can easily diagnose skin allergy based on physical examination. They might ask you about your symptoms and medical history. That is why it is advisable to keep a journal in which you can keep the detail of your symptoms. To be fully assured, your doctor may ask you to go through some of the tests:
Skin Tests: In this test, a small amount of the suspected allergen will be applied to your skin and you will be kept under observation to see how your body reacts. This test can be conducted in three ways.
Patch test: In this type of skin test, the allergen is taped to your skinBlood Tests: This test is used to diagnose skin allergy when skin testing doesn’t show any results. This test checks the antibodies in the blood towards the allergen.
Skin Prick Test: In this type of skin test, the allergen is applied to your skin with the help of a small prick. Intradermal Test: In this type of skin test, the allergen is injected in the first layer of the skin.
You don’t need medical attention if you have a mild symptom. In such cases, your doctor might prescribe diphenhydramine (Benadryl), which controls mild allergic reactions. Your doctor may also prescribe you an emergency medication such as epinephrine auto-injector (EpiPen) as it controls severe allergic reaction. You have to keep it with yourself all the time. Epinephrine, which is also known as a rescue drug it raises blood pressure and opens the airways.
If you see someone in your surrounding having an allergic skin reaction, you should:
Lay them on the ground on their back.Elevate their legs.Put a blanket around them.