It is easy for your dermatologist to diagnose psoriasis based on physical examination, especially if you have plaques on elbows, scalp, ears, knees, belly button, and nails. However, sometimes it is difficult for your doctor to diagnose this disease as it showcases the same symptoms as in eczema and other skin conditions. Your doctor may ask you to go through the test mentioned below:
Biopsy: In this, your doctor will take a small sample of your skin and used it for testing and diagnosing whether you have psoriasis or not.
Blood tests: If you have symptoms like painful and swollen joints, then you might be suffering from psoriasis arthritis. In such a case, the doctor might run some blood tests on you. He/ she might also ask you to take X-rays, as they want to remove the possibility of other types of arthritis.
There are several options available when it comes to the treatment of psoriasis. Some give relief from itchiness, whereas, some slows the growth of new skin cells. Your doctor will prescribe you the treatment based on your symptoms, where it is on your body, size of your rash, age, overall health, and other things.
Some treatments are:
Moisturizers for dry skinSteroid creamsCoal tar is used for the treatment of scalp psoriasis. These are available in lotions, foams, shampoos, creams, and bath solutions.Retinoid creams
Given below is the treatment for severe psoriasis:
Light Therapy: In this treatment, your doctor reduces the growth of skin cells by shining ultraviolet rays on your skin.Methotrexate: This drug is only used in severe cases as it has many side effects. Your doctor will closely examine you, in case you have methotrexate. Biologic Treatments: When you suffer from psoriasis, your immune system becomes overactive. In this treatment a drug is given will block your body’s immune system. To control the inflammation from psoriasis. These medications are adalimumab, brodalumab, etc.