Your doctor will ask you questions regarding your medical history and symptoms. You should brief them in detail. The doctor will physically examine you and might ask you to breathe into a spirometer. This device measures the quantity of air breathed in and out.
Your doctor may ask you to go through the following tests:
Chest X-ray: This is the first test that your doctor will ask for. However, this is not the most definitive diagnosis. Chest X-ray can’t distinguish between lung abscess and lung cancer.
CT Scan: A CT scan helps your doctor enormously as it creates a detailed image of your body. Before the CT scan, you will be injected with a special dye, which is called a contrast medium. This dye helps in enhancing the quality of the images. It will only take 10 to 30 minutes.
PET-CT scan: A PET-CT or Positron Emission Tomography-Computerised Tomography scan helps doctors identifying where active cancer cells are in the lungs. You will be injected with a radioactive material before this scan. This test takes 30 to 60 minutes.
Bronchoscopy and biopsy: This process allows doctors to see the inside of your airways.
Treatment of lung cancer depends on the type. Small cell lung cancer can be treated with the help of chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Along with these therapies, non-small cell lung cancer can also be treated with surgery or targeted therapy.
In surgical treatment, cancer tissues are cut out.In chemotherapy, medications are given to shrink or kill cancer. In radiation therapy, X-rays are used to kill cancer.In targeted therapy, medications are given to reduce the spread of cancer cells.