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Dengue - Causes, Symptoms, Health Insurance Coverage


​Reliance Health Insurance​

Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral infection causing a dreadful flu-like illness and, sometimes causing a deadly complication called severe dengue. Dengue fever is transferred by the bite of an Aedes species (Ae. aegypti or Ae. albopictus) infected with a dengue virus. These mosquitoes also spread chikungunya, Zika, and other viruses. Moreover, those who become infected with this life-taking virus a second time are at a greater risk of having severe disease. 


Symptoms, which generally begin four to six days after getting an infection and last for up to 10 days, may include:

  • Severe headaches
  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Sudden, high fever
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Mild bleeding (such as bleeding gums, nose bleeding, or easy bruising)
  • Severe joint and muscle pain
  • Vomiting
  • Skin rash, which appears two to five days after the outbreak of fever

  • Sometimes, symptoms are mild and can be mistaken as another viral infection. Younger children and people who have had the infection before tend to have milder cases than adults. However, serious health problems can develop. These include dengue hemorrhagic fever, an infrequent problem characterized by high fever, damage to blood vessels and lymph, bleed from the gums and nose, failure of the circulatory system, and enlargement of the liver. 


    Diagnosing dengue figures can be a little difficult because its symptoms and signs can be easily confused with those of other diseases- such as leptospirosis, malaria, and typhoid fever. Your doctor will probably ask you about your medical and travel history. Be sure to describe your every international trip in detail, including the countries you have visited and the dates, as well as any contact you may have with mosquitoes. 
    Some laboratory tests can detect evidence of the dengue viruses, but test results generally come back too late to help in taking direct treatment decisions. 


    There is no treatment or medication, particularly for dengue infection. If you believe you may be infected with dengue, you should use over-the-counter pain relievers to reduce your joint pain, fever, and headache. However, ibuprofen and aspirin can cause more bleeding and should be avoided. 
    Your doctor should perform a medical exam, and you should drink plenty of fluids and rest. If you feel really worse after the first 24 hours of illness- once your fever has gone down- you should be taken immediately to the hospital to check for complications. 

    ​Health Insurance

    Suffering from health issues is not only physically taxing but can also drain you financially. Therefore, it is advised to buy health insurance policy which will provide financial coverage that can take care of medical expenses and hospitalization bills. It takes care of pre and post hospitalization bills. If you buy health insurance, you will not only get the cashless treatment from a network hospital where the bill is directly settled by your insurance provider with the hospital but will also enjoy tax benefits under section 80D of Income Tax Act, 1961. Make sure to know your policy details and covers before purchasing a health insurance policy.