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Cervical Cancer - Causes, Symptoms, Health Insurance Coverage

Benefits

​What is Cervical Cancer?


Cervix is a part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. Cervical cancer is a medical condition in which cells of the cervix coverts into cancerous cells. One of the major causes of cervical cancer is human papillomavirus (HPV), which is a sexually transmitted infection. When your body is exposed to HPV, the immune system of your body protects you. However, this virus can survive inside your body for several years, which can change cervical cells into cancerous cells. 

Symptoms


One should know that it is difficult to diagnose cervical cancer at an early stage as there are no signs and symptoms. Given below are the signs and symptoms of cervical cancer: 

  • Vaginal bleeding after menopause, after intercourse, or between periods
  • Bloody and watery vaginal discharge that has a foul odour 
  • Pain in the pelvic region
  • Pain during intercourse 

  • If you are facing any of the symptoms mentioned above on the regular basis. Then it is highly advisable for you to make an appointment with your doctor.

    Diagnosis


    Given below are the list of tests that your doctor will ask you to go through to diagnosed cervical cancer: 

    Pap test: In this test, cells of your cervix will be scraped and brushed, which are later examined in a laboratory. This test detects the cancerous cells in the cervix. 

    HPV DNA test: In this type of test, the cervical cells are collected which are later tested that determine whether HPV is present in the cells of the cervix or not. 

    Cone biopsy: In this procedure, a small part of the tissue of the infected area is extracted as a sample and is sent to the laboratory for testing. 

    Once cervical cancer is diagnoses, then your doctor determines the stage of cervical cancer. Staging is important as only after knowing the stage of cancer, your doctor can prescribe treatment. Staging is done with the help of X-ray, computerized tomography scans, positron emission tomography (PET) scans, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

    Treatment


    Your doctor will prescribe the treatment according to the stage of cervical cancer. Treatment also depends on the overall health of the patient and their preference. Surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of all three may be used in treating cervical cancer.

    ​Surgery

    If cervical cancer is diagnosed at an early stage, then the best option is surgery. Now, the type of surgery depends on the size of your cancer, its stage, and other factors. Here is the type of surgeries that one might have to go from: 

  • ​urgery to cut away the cancerous part only
  • Removal of the cervix (trachelectomy)
  • Removal of cervix and uterus (hysterectomy)

  • There are other treatment options also: 

  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Medications

  • Health Insurance


    Cancer not only puts a major strain on your body, but its treatment cost can put a major dent on your hard-earned savings. To protect yourself from financial stress and get the best treatment, it is advisable to buy health insurance online​ from reputable insurers such as Reliance General Insurance. One can opt for critical illness cover with the health insurance policy to get the best treatment.