Given below are the list of tests that your doctor will ask you to go through to diagnosed cervical cancer:
Pap test: In this test, cells of your cervix will be scraped and brushed, which are later examined in a laboratory. This test detects the cancerous cells in the cervix.
HPV DNA test: In this type of test, the cervical cells are collected which are later tested that determine whether HPV is present in the cells of the cervix or not.
Cone biopsy: In this procedure, a small part of the tissue of the infected area is extracted as a sample and is sent to the laboratory for testing.
Once cervical cancer is diagnoses, then your doctor determines the stage of cervical cancer. Staging is important as only after knowing the stage of cancer, your doctor can prescribe treatment. Staging is done with the help of X-ray, computerized tomography scans, positron emission tomography (PET) scans, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Your doctor will prescribe the treatment according to the stage of cervical cancer. Treatment also depends on the overall health of the patient and their preference. Surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of all three may be used in treating cervical cancer.