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Anemia – Symptoms and Prevention

​Do you get tired quickly? Do you feel like taking a rest even after a small workout? If yes, be aware, you might be suffering from Anemia, a blood disorder that makes the body deficient of healthy RBCs (Red Blood Cells). Red Blood Cells comprise hemoglobin, which is responsible for distributing oxygen to all parts of the body. The absence of enough oxygen makes your body feel tired and causes issues like shortening of breath, fever, frequent infections, and headaches. It is one of the most common disorders which can be found in all age groups. Hence, it is important to have health insurance in your hands. The disorder can go unnoticed if it is not that severe, however, there are two most common types of Anemia caused by folate and iron deficiency.

Here are The Types of Anemia Along with Their Symptoms

1. Folate Deficiency Anemia

This type of Anemia​ is caused due to the deficiency of Folate, which is one of Vitamin B, to be precise, vitamin B9. If you do not consume ample food rich in Vitamin B9, or the Vitamin does not get absorbed by the body properly, you are more likely to develop anemia. The situation can happen if your small intestine is not properly functional or in case of frequent alcohol consumption and you are having constant stomach problems.

Symptoms of Folate Deficiency Anemia

  • Persistent fatigue
  • Grey hair
  • Pale skin
  • Swollen tongue
  • Mouth sores
  • Headache
  • Leg cramps

2. Iron Deficiency Anaemia

This is the case when the body is deficient in iron and is not able to produce enough hemoglobin, which can cause anemia. The disorder occurs when you are not taking enough iron in your diet or if the body is losing the mineral too quickly. This type of anemia is mostly found in women, as the mineral loss happens during menstruation when women lose the blood. It can also happen in the case of internal bleeding. No matter what the type of anemia is, you would not want it to turn to its extreme, hence it is important to treat the disorder in time and for that it is recommended to buy health insurance online India.

Symptoms of Iron Deficiency Anemia
An individual having iron deficiency Anemia can have all the symptoms as of Folate Deficiency Anemia, but there are some additional signs mentioned below.

  • Brittle nails
  • Cold hands and feet
  • Craving for clay and dirt
  • Dizziness

How to deal with Anemia?
As soon as you discover any of the symptoms, seek immediate help from your physician. Most commonly anemia can be treated using Procrit, Aranesp and Iron pills. Apart from these medications, you can do several things to avoid Anemia.

  • For the prevention of folate deficiency, go for foods like green leafy vegetables, tomatoes, peas, citrus fruits, and bananas. If you do not mind having non-veg food, add shellfish, liver meat, and eggs to your diet.
  • For the prevention of iron deficiency, eat nuts, dried fruits, pumpkin seeds, and green vegetables to surplus the iron deficiency in the body. Non-vegetarians can feed on chicken, lamb, and pork to fill the gap.
  • Limit the consumption of caffeine and alcohol, which prevents the absorption of these nutrients in the body.
  • Never skip on regular health check-ups and the medicines prescribed by the doctors.

Now that you know what anemia is, its symptoms, prevention, and treatment. You can easily keep a check on the disorder. Also, having health insurance is a must so that you don't have to worry about the treatment costs and have a secured finance.