Turkey has a rich archeological history and the place is studded with remnants of its glorious past. During various times in history, parts of Turkey were ruled over by the Greeks, Romans, and Ottomans. The latter even succeeded in establishing a vast empire that one point, stretched all the way from the Arab lands to parts of Europe. There's so much to see in Turkey, a short visit just won't it justice. The must visit cities are Ankara, Antalya, Marmaris, Bodrum, Ephesus and Istanbul.
The Turks have a great culinary tradition. Turkish food like the Doner kabab, Turkish delight, Baklava, Dolma, Pilaf, Durum, and Menemen are world famous. International cuisine is served in the major cities like Ankara and Istanbul. Besides these, there are hundreds of small family restaurants that serve native Turkish food at affordable prices. Do try the local beers and wine (Turkey is a secular country, though it has an Islamic heritage, thanks to Kemal Ataturk).