Heart bypass surgery is one of the most common surgeries performed on adults across the globe. The cardiologists advise the patients for this surgery in case their vessels carrying blood to the heart are clogged. There are various reasons for the blocking of blood vessels like fat build-up or cardio-vascular diseases. Bypass surgeries are performed to fix these blockages.
Bypass surgeries are typical open heart surgeries where the surgeons open the chest of the patient to discover the blockage in the heart. There are two ways in which surgery is performed:
>On-pump surgery where doctors use a heart-lung machine that stops heartbeats to circulate blood.
>Off-pump surgery also called as beating heart surgery.
The bypass surgery is not just a complicated process but very expensive too. The advanced healthcare services, doctor fees and medication required to recover can cost a fortune to the patient. Fortunately, there are some health insurance plans that cover the expenses incurred during bypass surgery. The health insurance is one of the best ways for cardiac care.
The procedure for bypass surgery is very difficult and prone to complications. Even after the surgery patients needs to be extremely cautious about the following things:
Keeping the surgical wound from infections:
The wound for the open heart can be placed for germ infection. Thus, patients need to clean the wound with antiseptic and keep it dry.
Limited Physical Activities:
Physical activities increase the heart rate which can be difficult to manage for the heart of a person who underwent bypass surgery. Thus, the patient and his/her family members need to keenly monitor the physical activities done by the patient. They should not stand for more than 15 minutes or life a thing weighing more than 10 pounds.
The diet of a patient undergone bypass surgery plays a key role in improving their health. Because of the effect of various medicines and antibiotics, the patient loses appetite for a brief time after surgery, however, they need to be fed in order to heal as soon as possible. The doctor suggested meals are the best to accelerate the healing process that excludes spicy and oily food items.
The emotional well-being:
Mental stress can worsen the situation for heart patients, especially after bypass surgery. The stress may end up in increased blood pressure, which can be very dangerous for their lives. Thus, after bypass surgery, the should try to remain positive by doing the things they like. The family members can help them by motivating them.
Sleep and rest:
Sleeping or resting play an active role in healing the body. But after bypass surgery, the medication disturbs the sleep pattern of the patient. The pain from the wound even makes it hard to sleep. It becomes very difficult for a patient to get sound sleep. To avoid this, the patient can take the help of soothing music or videos. Comfortable pillows, cushions and dim light help a lot to fall asleep.