Most builders don't think about the internal walls while constructing the house. If they have hired a designer or an architect to create the plans, they will blindly go ahead with what they suggest. On the other hand, if you are considering a renovation, you should think twice before removing a wall. The best way is to understand the types of walls present in your home and what impact will they bring if removed. Knowing if a wall is a load-bearing or not will ensure a safe renovation, and keep the project costs down. Let's understand in details the importance of load-bearing and non-load-bearing walls in your home-
Your house is constructed of two types of walls- external walls and internal walls. External walls surround your house and give the basic structure to your home and protect it against untoward situations. On the other hand, inner walls are usually defined as walls that divide rooms. There are two different types of internal walls -
· Non-load bearing
Mostly, you won't be able to tell the difference between these visually, but structurally they are very different. It is important to understand the difference between these two. If you cut into the wrong wall, it can result in grave structural damages, and even whole-house cave-ins! Hence, you should learn about the primary difference between bearing and non-bearing walls before breaking any walls of your property. Here's how you can identify which one is a load-bearing wall and which one is non-load-bearing wall-
Load-bearing walls are constructed to provide structural support to a property. Not only this, a load-bearing wall even supports the weight of a building and distributes it effectively from the roof to the foundation. It is possible to bring down the entire house by cutting into or removing just one load-bearing wall! Scary! Isn't it? Therefore, it is necessary to know the difference between these two types of walls to avoid jeopardizing your property's structural stability. If the beams in your basement or attic go directly into the concrete foundation and are perpendicular to them, they are most likely load-bearing.
Non-Load Bearing Walls
On the other hand, non-load bearing walls are placed inside the house and do not support any structural weight of the building. They don't bear any additional weight of the house's structure other than their own. These walls are used primarily as room dividers and mostly serve no other purpose. You can quickly identify these walls by merely looking at the beams in your attic or basement. If the joists and rafters run parallel to the wall, they are often considered as non-load bearing walls. You can remove these walls without endangering the safety of the building as they are not responsible for the gravitational support for your property.
It is always a better idea to take professionals to advise and supervision before proceeding with these acts. Also, if you have a home insurance policy, you should inform your insurer about the alterations you are making in your house. If not notified, your home insurance policy can be cancelled and you won't be able to make any claims further.